What is dyslexia?
The simplest definition of dyslexia is;
“partial text blindness”.
International Dyslexia Association defines dyslexia as “a specific learning disability that is neuro-biological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.“
Why students with dyslexia suffer?
In the conventional school setup, students with dyslexia suffer because the core of school learning is text. Their brain has difficulties processing text. They are pushed by their teachers and parents to work hard. The teachers and parents think that ‘they are not trying hard enough’ but this is not true.
Why students with dyslexia do not get remedy
Students with dyslexia do not get remedy because many schools teachers and parents do not know about the existence of dyslexia. The parents think that the teacher is not doing his work hard enough. The teacher think that the student is lazy and the student hates the teachers and wonders why they lack sympathy and the ability to see that he/she is trying.
Special education teachers get very brief training on all disabilities including dyslexia. This amount of training is not enough to enable them to identify, screen and offer remedy to pupils with dyslexia.
Dyslexia and Intelligence
Although dyslexia is a neurological condition, it only affects processing of text and not intelligence. Therefore, people with dyslexia have normal or above normal average intelligence.
Many successful personalities like Richard Branson, Whoopi Goldberg, Steven Spielberg, Anderson Cooper, among many others have been diagnosed with dyslexia.