Many children with dyslexia worry that there is something wrong with their brain. When a person has dyslexia, though, their brain takes longer to make some of these connections, and does it in more steps. It especially has trouble matching the letters they see on the page with the sounds the letters and combinations of letters make. Thus making reading very difficulty
There are several causes of dyslexia (or learning disabilities) that can affect the child's ability to spell as well as read. The causes are identified by the nature of the problem within the central nervous system or brain.
Primary dyslexia is a dysfunction of, rather than damage to, the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex). Individuals with this type of dyslexia are rarely able to read above a fourth-grade level and may struggle with reading, spelling, and writing as adults. Primary dyslexia is passed in family lines through their genes (hereditary).
Trauma Dyslexia usually occurs after some form of brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. This can happen to anybody at whatever time
Secondary or developmental types of dyslexia is felt to be caused by hormonal development or malnutrition during the early stages of fetal development. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), certain drugs, smoking during pregnancy, neglect, and/or poor nutrition during the developmental years 0 to 5 are also known causes. Developmental dyslexia may diminish as the child matures.
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